In 2016, there were 46 new HIV diagnoses in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia, accounting for 5% of all HIV diagnoses (1 013) and increasing from 33 new diagnoses in 2012. The HIV notification rate was two times higher in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than in the non-Indigenous population.
In the past five years, there was a 25% increase in the notification rate of hepatitis C diagnoses in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population (from 138 per 100 000 in 2012 to 173 per 100 000 in 2016), whereas the rate in the non-Indigenous population remained stable (43 per 100 000 in 2012 and 45 per 100 000 in 2016).
In the past five years (2012–2016), the notification rate of newly diagnosed hepatitis B infection in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population halved from 62 per 100 000 in 2012 to 31 per 100 000 in 2016, with declines in all age groups but the greatest decline in people under 40 years of age.
In 2016, Aboriginal people were 3 times more likely to be disgnosed with chlamydia, 7 times more likely to be diagnosed with gonorrhoea, and 5 times more likely to be diagnosed with infectious syphilis when compared with non-Aboriginal people.
As a result of a vaccination program in schools, since 2007 there has been an 88% decrease in genital warts among Aboriginal men, and a 100% decrease among Aboriginal women ages 21 years or younger attending sexual health clinics for the first time.
This is the first national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It shows that: the age-standardised death rate due to cardiac conditions for Indigenous people was 1.6 times that for non-Indigenous people; mortality from cardiac conditions for Indigenous Australians decreased by 41% between 1998 and 2012, while access to cardiac care has improved over time
This report outlines the journey and the successes of the Institute and the CRCs, and showcases how their cumulative efforts have pioneered a new way of conducting health research in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. It maps the evolution of a new, collaborative and culturally appropriate way of carrying out health research. It’s an approach driven by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander priorities – an approach developed by the CRCs, and embodied in the Institute. (taken from report)
This case study forms part of the Health Performance Council’s (HPC) 2015-18 four-yearly review
program which reports to the South Australian Minister for Health on the performance of the South
Australian health system, including how the system performs for specific and vulnerable population
"The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive synthesis of key information on diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia to: (1) inform those involved or interested in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health; and (2) provide the evidence for those involved in policy, strategy and program development and delivery." (Burrow S, Ride K, 2016. Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet)
Hall, N., Barbosa, M.C., Currie, D., Dean, A.J., Head, B., Hill, P.S., Naylor, S., Reid, S., Selvey, L. and Willis, J. (2017), Water, sanitation and hygiene in remote Indigenous Australian communities: A scan of priorities’, Global Change Institute discussion paper: Water for equity and wellbeing series, The University of Queensland, Brisbane
This report provides a comprehensive overview of Indigenous health and welfare. Topics covered in this report include demographic characteristics, determinants of health and welfare, health and functioning, mortality and life expectancy, health across the life stages, health care and other support services and health and welfare expenditure.
The incidence of end-stage kidney disease is an important indicator of the health of the Australian population and valuable for health-care planning. End-stage kidney disease usually requires kidney replacement therapy to survive—either dialysis or a kidney transplant—but not all people with ESKD receive these treatments for a variety of reasons. This report builds on an established method for estimating the incidence of end-stage kidney disease and indicates that for every new case treated with dialysis or transplant there is one that is not. The incidence rates of end-stage kidney disease are highest among those aged 75 and over. [ taken from AIHW website]
This Summary of Australian Indigenous health provides a plain language summary of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health, with brief information about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, health problems and common risk factors.
The Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet is an innovative Internet resource that aims to inform practice and policy in Indigenous health by making research and other knowledge readily accessible. In this way, we contribute to 'closing the gap' in health between Indigenous and other Australians.
"Building upon the existing alcohol and other drug (AOD) related information and material from ECU’s Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, the Knowledge Centre offers an expanded alcohol and other drugs information resource that seeks to provide the evidence base and support those working to reduce harm from AOD use in Aboriginal communities."
Menzies aims to improve health outcomes and reduce health inequity for populations in Australia and the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, through excellence and leadership in research, education and capacity development.
The Poche Centre for Indigenous Health and Well-being is located within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences at Flinders University. The centre wishes to contribute to the improved health outcomes of Aboriginal people in remote communities of the Northern Territory and Australia, through conducting high quality research, education, and training.
Published by the Lowitja Institute. This search tool provides easy access to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health literature on the PubMed database.You can choose to look at all literature or one of 27 search topics. You can refine each choice by entering keywords, filter options and published dates - See more at: http://www.lowitja.org.au/litsearch#sthash.qyQyzEga.dpuf