Answering foreground questions involves developing well-formed, focused clinical questions. The PICO framework is commonly used to translate and structure patient dilemmas into focused questions. Using PICO helps to identify the important concepts for your search strategy and makes searching for evidence easier and more time effective.
Determining the type of clinical question will influence how you structure your PICO framework, the databases you use, and how you search them to find the most appropriate level of evidence. The most common types of clinical questions are:
Use the PICO acronym to break down your question.
PICO is an acronym used to breakdown a clinical question or problem into appropriate keywords that enables effective searching within a database. Each letter of the acronym represents a different component of the clinical question.
Practice clinical questions are available at the EBM knowledge translation program